The legacy of the Real Plan for Brazilian economy 1. The daily pay-Real conjuncture At the beginning of years 1990 Brazil passed for serious macroeconomic problems: stagnation, brutal increase of the external debt, expressive internal debt e, over all, the inflation, that came more than has one decade being successively enrolled. The end of the years 1980 and beginning of the 1990 marks a time where the inflation destroys any attempt of economic growth. That is, in case that if it does not decide the inflation, the country will not grow in solid and supported way. Innumerable plans with the purpose had been succeeded then to subject the feared inflation. The first one of them was the Crossed, in the government Sarney, still in 1985, based Plan in heterodox politics elaborated by a group of economists of PUC-River. Later, with the failure of this program, they had come Crossed Plan II, Bresser, Summer (these still in the government Sarney) and Collor.
None of them was efficient in containing the inflation. Some had an ephemeral success of few months while others already showed consuming signals as soon as they were launched. The population, also, already did not deposit confidence in the managers of the public finances. The Brazilian inflation arrived to reach 1.764.86% in the year of 1989, 1,585, 18% in 1990 and 1.149, 06% in 1992. The productive activity left extremely harmed while the speculation alone got worse the situation.
The folder of Making and the Planning constantly changed of hands, passing since famous academics to the style Bresser Pear tree until illustrious strangers is of the half academic, as Zlia Cardoso de Mello. Internationally, the globalization gained body and the neoliberalismo was the ideology of the time. The flows of merchandises, products and services increased frantic as well as the technological innovation. The State passed to be seen as me synonymous the management and of practical administrative unscrupulous.
The social relations of the man are had by the relations that the man keeps with the nature, where develop its practical, that is, the man if constitutes from its proper work, and its society if he constitutes from its material conditions of production, that depend on natural factors (climate, biology,> is the production of the life, as much of the proper one, in the work, as of the Autia, in the procreation appears now as double relation: natural and social.> productive force, that added, conditions the social State. Consequentemente, history of the humanity must be studied and be elaborated in connection with the history of the industry and the exchanges . If to analyze the historical context of the man, in the promrdios, we will perceive that it had a collectivism spirit: all shared of the same land, did not have private property; until the hunting she was shared for all. The people who were inserted in this community always worried ones about the others, in providing necessities ones with the others. But with passing of the time, the man, with its territorial discoveries, finished becoming inevitable the settlings and, therefore, the escravismo, because of its ambition.
The slave excluisivamente served to its Sir, produced it and its life was in function of it. The collectivism of> indians finished; the escravismo if transformed into a relation: now the slave worked less for its Sir, and for its work he conquered a land piece for its subsistence, that is, the servant worked days of the week for its gentleman and others for itself. This relation feudal servant-Mr. functioned during certain period in the history of the humanity, but, because of a series of factors and events, between them the population increase, the commerce conditions (the possibility appeared of the servant to get capital through its extreme production), the mercantilista capitalism, the feudalismo decayed; thus, gave space to a new economic system: the industrial capitalism (that it had its development for to culminate during the industrial revolution, with sprouting of the proletarian classroom).
Third, the Norwegian, who assumed the control of the destination of its reserves, introducing public politics that had internationally allowed the development of the petrochemical one and a vigorous chain of suppliers of the petroliferous, today highly competitive industry, and creating a deep one of social interest, a saving for the future generations. The industry of oil and gas of the Norway is constant source of good notice for the country, since the discovery of the field of Ekofisk, in 1969. After forty years of exploration, the Norwegian oil production if kept, since 1992, until today, above of 2 million bpd, having passed for a peak of 3,1 million bpd in 2000, and starting to decline from there. The reduction of the oil production was compensated by the gas production, that, since its beginning, in 1977, it comes presenting constant growth, exactly with the important maturation De Campos of the Sea of the North that comes being substituted for new fields in the seas of the Norway and Barents, having reached in 2008, 3,5 Tcf (1,7 million bpd o.e.). The total production is, today, of 4,2 oil million equivalent per day, there enclosed the oil productions, gas, condensed GNL and. In contrast to its neighbors, and although the total production to have reached its peak in 2004 (4,5 million bpd o.e.), good part of the reserves is, still, for being explored. As the energy matrix of the country she is cleanest of the world, based on hydraulical energy and aeolian, about 90% of the production of oil and gas it is exported. The industry is, of far, the contributing greater for the GIP of the country. The patrimony of the deep one created to prevent the dutch illness and to create saving for future generations is, today, of almost US$ 400 billion. Case of a strategy is about a notable winner, and an example of as a NOC managed professionally and guided for the interests of long stated period in the nation, can be decisive in the development of the exploration of the resources and the sophisticated supridora chain of the sector.