Florentine masters used the natural beauty of the figure of stone to create patterns. This way of world-recognized as the most difficult. Careful selection of colors stone, a perfect connection seams to create a stunning color of Florentine mosaic. By the end of XVI century, fully formed performance technique Florentine paintings, and to this day it is not observed any changes. Material mosaics could be malachite, tiger eye, aventurine, agate.
For a variety of precious and semiprecious stones, was taken in the design of furniture facades, countertops, doors, fireplaces, caskets. Theme patterns can be patterns of colors, shapes, animals, humans, birds, landscapes and biblical subjects. Roman Mosaic Master the late Roman Empire used the cubes of smalt, and only occasionally – the marble. Basically, decorated walls and floor buildings. The plot is impressive in its diversity and complexity: the magnificent designs, displaying historical events and mythological subjects, images of birds and animals. There is a mosaic portrait of a woman and a picture the seabed, affecting its realism.
There is a unique work on the design of columns and fountains. Historically known for the fact of jewelry craft. Roman mosaics differs from Florence, not only material used in the creation of pictures, but some lack of elegance because of the application modules of greater magnitude. Roman mosaics were mostly a tool to create an atmosphere of relaxation and enjoyment in premises of the Roman aristocracy. Byzantium has made an invaluable contribution to the development and distribution of mosaic art. Byzantine mosaics of smalt and stone represent a great era.