Third, the Norwegian, who assumed the control of the destination of its reserves, introducing public politics that had internationally allowed the development of the petrochemical one and a vigorous chain of suppliers of the petroliferous, today highly competitive industry, and creating a deep one of social interest, a saving for the future generations. The industry of oil and gas of the Norway is constant source of good notice for the country, since the discovery of the field of Ekofisk, in 1969. After forty years of exploration, the Norwegian oil production if kept, since 1992, until today, above of 2 million bpd, having passed for a peak of 3,1 million bpd in 2000, and starting to decline from there. The reduction of the oil production was compensated by the gas production, that, since its beginning, in 1977, it comes presenting constant growth, exactly with the important maturation De Campos of the Sea of the North that comes being substituted for new fields in the seas of the Norway and Barents, having reached in 2008, 3,5 Tcf (1,7 million bpd o.e.). The total production is, today, of 4,2 oil million equivalent per day, there enclosed the oil productions, gas, condensed GNL and. In contrast to its neighbors, and although the total production to have reached its peak in 2004 (4,5 million bpd o.e.), good part of the reserves is, still, for being explored. As the energy matrix of the country she is cleanest of the world, based on hydraulical energy and aeolian, about 90% of the production of oil and gas it is exported. The industry is, of far, the contributing greater for the GIP of the country. The patrimony of the deep one created to prevent the dutch illness and to create saving for future generations is, today, of almost US$ 400 billion. Case of a strategy is about a notable winner, and an example of as a NOC managed professionally and guided for the interests of long stated period in the nation, can be decisive in the development of the exploration of the resources and the sophisticated supridora chain of the sector.